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Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company Collection

Stewart Bell Jr. Archives
Handley Regional Library
Winchester-Frederick County Historical Society

P.O. Box 58, Winchester, VA 22604
(540) 662-9041 ext. 17


Scope and Content: This collection is comprised of a cash book kept by the freight agent, 1866, and a shipping book, 1868, which includes family expenses from March 1877 to August 1878, both from the Winchester, VA depots. Also included is an exhibit catalog, 1927, entitled, “The Catalogue of the Centenary Exhibition of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad.”   

(1 box) Last updated 06/2016.

Biographical/Historical: The Baltimore and Ohio (B&O) Railroad was chartered by the state of Maryland on February 28, 1827 and incorporated on April 24, 1827 with Philip E. Thomas as president. The development of the railroad was a reaction to the success of the Erie Canal and how that would affect the city of Baltimore. In 1830, the B&O was ready for business. The railroad began to grow and in 1871 expanded its tracks to Pittsburgh, and in 1874 into Chicago; and by 1886 into Philadelphia. With the line into Philadelphia, the B&O was connected to the Philadelphia & Reading & Central Railroad, which enabled passengers to continue up to New York City. During the 1960s, the B&O was taken over by the Chesapeake & Ohio Railroad.

Cite As: Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company Collection, 1140 WFCHS/THL, Stewart Bell Jr. Archives, Handley Regional Library, Winchester, VA, USA.


Box 1

Cash Book, 1866, kept by freight agent. Includes list of officers for B & O Railroad. 1 item, bound volume, manuscript.

Shipping Book, 1868, kept by freight agent. Includes shipping accounts March-April, 1868; March 1877; August 1879. 1 item, bound volume, manuscript.

Invitation and catalog for the Centenary Exhibition of the Baltimore and Ohio, 1927. 4 items, printed.

News Articles – unnumbered leaves, printed(photocopy)

The Sentinel-“Last Night at WB”—a quarterly magazine published by the Baltimore an  Ohio Railroad Historical Society; 1 magazine, 35 pages, printed

Includes article, “The Wreck of B & O Train 1 at Wadesville, Virginia, Oct. 15, 1910,transcribed by Bob Cohen from the Monday, Oct. 17, 1910, Winchester Evening Star.

Special train for Inauguration, March 4, 1893 – advertisement, 1 leaf, printed.

Ticket – March 19, 1872 1item, printed